The region Inner Mongolia is confusingly named, as it suggests that it's part of the Central Asian republic of Mongolia. In fact, Inner Mongolia is a semi-autonomous province of China. The country of modern Mongolia is actually "Outer Mongolia", in reference to the fact that it's further away from the core of China. In this video, contributor Kinjo gives us an aerial view of Inner Mongolia, officially known as the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. With a population of about 25 million, it's about 8x as populous as the republic.