Page view

The Ancient Fortress of Masada

3:21 click to play video

Israel's Great Masada Fortress


Masada is an ancient fortification built atop a plateau in the Judean Desert of southern Israel, overlooking the Dead Sea.  During the First Jewish War of the first century AD, Masada was the site of a famous seige by Roman troops following which the Jewish defenders (numbering perhaps a thousand) committed suicide en masse rather than surrender.  Contributor Nelly Volkovich used a drone to create an amazing aerial video of this hallowed mountaintop, which is a UNESCO World Heritage cultural site.  

Spain's Mighty Alhambra Fortress

1:30 click to play video

Walls of History III: The Alhambra


Contributor and drone pilot Eminorcks created this spectacular aerial video of one of the great fortresses of Europe.  The Alhambra of Granada lies in the province of the same name, one of the eight which make up the Andalusia region of Southern Spain.  It is the site of one of the more notable historical events of the second millennium AD: in 1492, Spain's King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella gave the Italian explorer Christopher Columbus the go-ahead for his first great voyage in which he "discovered" the New World.

Srebrenik, Bosnia and Herzegovina

3:22 click to play video

Srebrenik fortress - Bosnia and Herzegovina (DJI Mavic Pro)

Tamas Varga

The spectacular medieval Srebrenik Fortress lies in the northeastern corner of Bosnia and Herzegovina, on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeastern Europe.  While the fortress was abandoned shortly after being built in the 14th century, it is one of the best-preserved medieval fortresses in all of Europe.  Contributor Tamas Vargas used a DJI Mavic Pro drone to create this amazing video, which begins with a selfie and then reveals the mighty fortification.

Fenestrelle: Europe's Largest Alpine Fortress

1:00 click to play video

Fenestrelle Fort


Some of the world's most impressive fortresses are located in the mountain passes of Europe which separated different kingdoms.  Among the greatest of these is Fort Fenestrelle in northwestern Italy.  It was built in what was then the Kingdom of Savoy to guard the approaches to the great city of Turin in the Piedmont region of northwestern Italy.  Contributor Maxfrompine used a DJI Mavic Pro to create this epic aerial tour of this landmark, the largest alpine fortress in Europe.  

Rocca di Calascio, Italian Appenines

1:00 click to play video

Rocca di Calascio in Abruzzo Italy


Contributor Seppiolone brings us this epic drone video of the Rocca di Calasco, a fortress in the Appenine Mountains of Central Italy.  The core of the structure dates to the 10th century.  It is situated in the Province of L'Aquila, which is near the geographic center of Italy in its Abruzzo region.  The fortification sits at an altitude of just under 1.5k meters (a little under 5k ft), making it the highest fortress in the Appenine range which runs through the middle of the "boot" of Italy. 

Sisteron Citadel: Fortress in the French Alps

1:00 click to play video

Citadel of Sisteron - France

freeway prod

Top contributor Freeway Prod used a DJI Inspire 2 drone to create this stunning aerial video of the Citadel de Sisteron, a very well known fortification in the foothills of the French Alps.  The town of Sisteron is located in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department, which is just to the south of the Hautes-Alpes department in the heart of the French Alps.  The citadel was built to take advantage of Sisteron's strategic location in the middle of a gap between two mountain ridges.  

Sigiriya: Sri Lanka's Rock Fortress

0:33 click to play video

Sigiriya, Sri Lanka


Contributor NGreyTravels used a DJI drone to create this remarkable aerial video of one of the world's most famous hilltop structures.  The Sigiriya ("Lion Rock") is a gigantic rock fortress and monastery complex located near the center of Sri Lanka, the island nation off the southern coast of India.  The fortress was built in the 5th century AD as a new capital city by Kashyapa I, a long-serving king of Sri Lanka.  It was later converted to a monastery, which was active until the 14th century.

The Fortress of San Juan, Puerto Rico

1:40 click to play video

DJI Phantom 4: Old San Juan Puerto Rico, Over Castillo San Felipe del Morro


San Juan is the largest city in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, sitting on the northern coast of the country.  It was one of the oldest European settlements in the Western Hemisphere.  Due to its strategic importance, the most prominent landmarks in the city are a series of fortresses built by the Spanish to defend their prize territory.  In this video, contributor Sikview used a DJI drone to create this unforgettable aerial tour of the San Felipe fortress, one of the original fortifications. 

Scotland's Dunnottar Fortress

1:06 click to play video

Dunnottar Castle (Stonehaven, Scotland) - DJI Mavic Air Drone Flight


Thecastlehunter created this magnificent drone video of one of the great Scottish fortresses.  Dunnotar Castle is a ruined medieval fortification in Aberdeenshire, dating to the seventh century AD and possibly earlier. Dunnotar has been extremely important throughout Scottish history, notably being the place where the Scottish Crown Jewels were placed for safekeeping during the English Civil War.  More recently, it was used as a filming location for the 1996 movie Hamlet.  

Fortaleza Ozama, Dominican Republic

0:59 click to play video

Fortaleza Ozama


The Dominican Republic's Fortaleza Ozama was one of the first fortresses built by the Spanish conquistadoras.  It was constructed in 1502 to protect the city of Santo Domingo on the south shore of the island, which was the first permanently settled colonial outpost in the New World.  Contributor Moises_Arias used a drone to create this spectacular bird's eye view of the fortress overlooking the Caribbean, which has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site.  

Armenia's Amberd Fortress

3:36 click to play video

The Amberd Fortress, Armenia


Contributor and drone pilot Alex Avsharov created this magnificent drone video of a famous Armenian fortress.  Amberd (which translates roughly to "fortress in the clouds" is in the Aragatsotn Province, which covers the west-central portion of this Caucasus republic.  The fortification was built in the 7th century AD.  The fortress played a key role in the centuries-long struggles between the Turks, Armenians, and Mongols, although it was abandoned in the 13th century.

Castle of Jadraque: Fortress of El Cid

2:09 click to play video

Del Cid: Castle of Jadrague


PJFDrone created this spectacular drone video of an important castle-fortress in central Spain.  The Castle of Jadraque is situated in the Guadalajara province in the Castilla-La Mancha region.  Built atop an old Roman fortification, the Moorish stronghold was taken by Christian forces in the 11th century.   The castle was famously mentioned in the Song of El Cid, the epic poem of unknown authorship which chronicles the great struggle against Moorish control known as the Reconquesta.

Conwy Castle: Welsh Fortress

2:00 click to play video

Conwy Castle // Little Escape // Episode 5 // North Wales // Drone 4K

Joshua Paul Gardner

Conwy Castle is one of the most famous fortresses in Wales.  It's situated in a town of the same name, on the north coast. It was built by King Edward I of England during his conquest of Wales, between 1283 and 1289. The castle was constructed as part of a wider project to create the walled town of Conwy.  Contributor Joshua Paul Gardner used a DJI Mavic Pro drone and a GoPro ground camera to create this video showing this important medieval landmark from a bird's eye view.

Pakistan's Ranikot Fort

1:19 click to play video

Ranikot Fort, Sindh

  • Shazar
    • 1.1k VŪZ
    • 14
    • 15
  • 2 years ago

Contributor Shazar created this amazing drone video of one of the world's largest fortresses.  Ranikot Fort is located in the state of Sindh in southern Pakistan.  The location is was known to be fortified as early as the Antiquity.  The current fortress structure dates to the 16th century.  The fortress walls run a total of 32 km (about 20 mi), making it the largest fortress in the world measured by interior space.  The fortress came under control of the British Empire in the 18th century.

Fort Frederick, USA

2:38 click to play video

A visit to Fort Frederick, MD | DJI Mavic Pro 2 & Osmo Pocket

Jeff Walrich - TK-421

Top contributor Jeff Walrich combined aerial footage from a DJI Mavic Pro 2 with stabilized ground footage to create this beautiful video of historic Fort Frederick, Maryland.  Situated on the Potomac River about a two hour drive northwest of Washington, DC, Fort Frederick was built at the outset of the French and Indian War in the mid-18th century.  It was used as a POW camp during the Revolutionary War, then garrisoned by Union forces in the Civil War to protect key infrastructure in the area.  

Croatia's Klis Fortress

1:19 click to play video

Klis Fortress in Croatia


Top contributor Justin Poore created this amazing video of the Croatia's Klis Fortress, one of the most famous fortifications in Europe.  Perched on a hill overlooking the city of Split on the Dalmatian Coast, the site dates to Roman times.  The structure was later converted into a castle which was the home of the Kings of the Croatian Kingdom, which ruled over the region from roughly 900-1100AD.  Much later, the fortress appeaed as the City of Meereen in Slaver's Bay in Season 4 of HBO's Game of Thrones.

Portugal's Fort of São Julião da Barra

0:49 click to play video

Fort of São Julião da Barra

Drone -Cascais

During the 16th century, the then-mighty Kingdom of Portugal constructed a series of fortresses along the banks of the Tagus River estuary to protect its capital city Lisbon from its main vulnerability - seaborne invasion.  The most important of these was the Fort of São Julião da Barra, which is located on a promontory on the northern bank of the river's final outlet.  DroneCascais used a DJI Mavic Pro drone to create a spectacular bird's eye view great fort, which was completed in 1568.

The French Fortress of Briançon

5:17 click to play video

Fortress in the French Alps

Mad Eagle Prod

The fortress town of Briançon in the French Alps bears a number of distinctions.  First of all, it is the highest town in France with at least 2,000 inhabitants.  Second, its strategic position relative to a key mountain pass made it one of the most heavily fortified cities in Europe after the current structures were built in the 17th century to protect against invasion from the (then) Holy Roman Empire.  Famously, the town withstood a long seige in 1815, near the end of the Napoleonic Wars.  

Sumatra's Fort Marlborough

4:04 click to play video

Fort Marlborough, Bengkulu


Situated on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, Fort Marlborough was one of the most important defensive British fortifications during the Colonial Era.  It was built in the early 18th century by the British East India Company, which was largely responsible for creating the British Empire in Asia.  Thereafter, until the dissolution of the Empire after World War II, Fort Marlborough was considered the strongest British fortification in southern/southeastern Asia after its fortress in Madras, India.

Kastellet Fortress, Denmark

1:03 click to play video

Copenhagen - Travel video 4k - DJI Mavic Pro


Contributor Hittheroadlat used his drone to create a stunning video of the Kastellet fortress in Copenhagen, Denmark's largest and capital city.  The fortress was initially completed in 1626 and later fortified during the course of the country's long periods of conflict with its neighbor Sweden.  With the aerial perspective provided by the drone, one can discern the star shape of this fortress, one of the best-preserved fortifications with this design.  

Wales' Harlech Castle

2:30 click to play video

Harlech Castle: Snowdonia National Park, Wales

AVEA - Alta Vista Epic Aerials

Contributor AVEA - Alta Vistic Epic Aerial created this marvelous drone video of a famous fortress in northern Wales.  Harlech Castle is situated within Snowdonia National Park in Gwynned County.  It was built by King Edward I during his conquest of Wales in the late 13th century.  During the War of the Roses in the 15th century, Harlech was the site of a famous seige by Yorkist forces which ended in a Lancastrian surrender in 1468.  It's known as the longest seige in British history.

Romania's Rupea Citadel

3:05 click to play video

Explore Romania - Rupea Citadel in 4K | DJI Mavic Pro (Episode 2)

Alin Constantin

Contributor Alin Constantin used a DJI Mavic Pro drone to create this stunning aerial video of the Rupea Citadel, a Romanian fort and the site of some of the oldest archaelogical remains in Europe.  It's in the southeastern corner of Transylvania, near a pass in the Carpathian Mountains that define the eastern and southern boundaries of the Transylvanian Plateau.  While the fortress dates to Roman times, artifacts excavated at the site date to as long ago as 5500 BC.  

Madrid's Manzanares el Real

4:03 click to play video

Dji Mavic Pro Platinium 4K Presa de Santillana


Mikel_julio used a DJI Mavic Pro Platinum to create this memorable aerial video of one of the best preserved fortresses in Spain.  The New Castle of Manzanares el Real is a 15th century fortified palace which is near the town of the same name in the Madrid Community in the center of the country.  Famously, the fortress was used as a shooting location for the 1961 film El Cid starring Charlton Heston and Sophia Loren.  Also known as the Castle of los Mendoza, the complex now also houses a museum.

The Great Indian Fortress of Mehrangarh

0:54 click to play video

Jodhpur, India


Jodhpur is an important city in the Indian state of Rajasthan, the westernmost city in that state which lies close to the Indian border with Pakistan.  Jodhpur is surrounded by the Thar Desert.  It is perhaps best known for Mehrangarh, a giant 15th century fortress which overlooks the city.  In this video, NGrey captures a woman practicing yoga against the distinctive blue buildings of the skyline of the city, which was the shooting location for the 2012 film Dark Knight Rises.

Castro de Santa Trega: Galicia, Spain

0:59 click to play video

Mavic Pro Castros del Monte Santa Tecla en 4k A Guarda


Castro de Santa Trega is a famous fort in the Galicia region of northwestern Spain.  The fort dates to Roman times, and occupies a strategic position on the mountain bearing the same name.  It was occupied for roughly two hundred years, between 100 BC and 100 AD.  The site is also home to some rock-carving which may pre-date the fortress by thousand of years.  Contributor Diego_Al_Al used a DJI Mavic Pro drone to create this aerial video of the fort, one of Galicia's most popular tourist spots.  

Fortifications of Genoa, Italy

7:41 click to play video

Fortresses of Genoa - I Forti di Genova

The Italian city of Genoa was once one of the most powerful entities in Europe.  The city sits on the Ligurian Sea but is otherwise surrounded by the Appenine Mountains.  The city's ability to defend itself against invasion through the mountains was critical to its power, and a defensive system was developed over centuries which made Genoa one of the world's most heavily fortified cities.  In this drone video by, you'll get a bird's eye look at some of these defenses.

India's Mighty Amer Fortress

3:24 click to play video

India Drones Company

Drones Company

India's Drones Company works throughout the state of Rajasthan in northern India. This video is a collection of drone footage from around the state which was put together for a tour company interested in showing off the region.  The highlight of the reel is some epic bird's eye footage of the great fortification and palace complex called Amer.  Located just a few km/mi from the state capital of Jaipur, this magnificent structure is one of a series of famous hill forts around Rajisthan.  

Palamidi: Venetian Fortress in Greece

2:42 click to play video

Palamidi Fortress


Παλαμήδι is the Greek word for Palamidi, the fortress built by the Venetians in the Peloponnese region during their second occupation of Greece. The fortress is made of stone and was completed in 1714. Unfortunately for the Ventians, the Turks captured the fortress only a year later and occupied it for nearly a century until the Greeks took it, and their country, back in 1822. Sphereview does a marvelous job showcasing the centuries-old fortress in this aerial video. 

The Dutch Fortress of Bourtange

8:18 click to play video

Fort Bourtange in The Netherlands.

  • Wout
    • 261 VŪZ
    • 8
    • 6
  • 2 years ago

Here's a bird's eye view of an important fortress in the northern Netherlands, near the German border, compliments of Wout.  Bourtange Fortress is near the city of Groningen, the largest city in the northern Dutch province of the same name. It was completed in the late 16th century, during the course of the long fight for Dutch independence from Spain called the Eighty Years War.  The star-shaped fort was situated here to cover a road between Groningen and northwestern Germany.   

Izzedin Fortress, Crete

3:47 click to play video

Drone Shots Episode 9: Itzedin Fortress (Chania)


Contributor Taleporos created this aerial view of an Ottoman fortress on the Greek island of Crete.  Izzedin was built on Souda Bay in 1872, during the waning days of the Ottoman Empire.  It moved to prison use during Crete's brief period as an independent country in the early 20th century, and it continued to be used as a prison once Crete became part of Greece in 1908.  Over the next several decades, it became notorious as a detention center for political prisoners. 

Khertvisi: Georgian Fortress

3:15 click to play video



Contributor and drone pilot Maikl_rus created this beautiful drone video of one of the most well known fortresses in the Caucasus rebublic of Georgia.  Khertvisi is situated in the Meskheti region in the south central part of the country, along a traditional invasion route.  The site was home to a structure which was allegedly destroyed by Alexander the Great.  The current structure was built in the 14th century and served a military purpose until well into the 19th century.  

Manjarabad: Fortress of Southern India

2:24 click to play video

Ettina Bhuja & Manjarabad Fort in 4K | Chikmagalur | India


Here's a bird's eye view of one of the most famous forts of southern India, compliments of contributor and drone pilot manofmysore.  The Manjarabad Fort was built in the late 18th century for the ruler of Mysore, a kingdom which covered much of South India prior to its absorption in the British Raj.  It's a star fort, a configuration which was imported from Europe by its French designers.  The fortress sits in the hills of the mountainous Chikmagalur District of the state of Karnataka.  

Forte Vezzena: 19th Century Alpine Fortress

1:32 click to play video

My Dream is to Fly

daniele bolgia

Contributor Daniele Bolgia created this stunning drone video of Forte Vezzena in northern Italy.  It sits atop Mt. Vezzena, part of the Vicentine Prealps in the Trento province.  It was a key position in a string of fortifications constructed by Austria-Hungary in the years leading up to World War I, when the area was part of that empire.  Once Italy joined the conflict on the Allied side in 1915, the fort was under near-constant artillery bombardment.  Despite suffering significant damage, it never gave way.   

Dutch Fortress Pettelaarse Schans

4:17 click to play video

Pettelaarse Schans 's-Hertogenbosch | The Netherlands Drone Video - Europe in 4K


Contributor NTG Drones created this beautiful drone's eye view of a fortress in the northern part of the Netherlands.   Pettelaarse Schans is a star shaped fort just south of 's-Hertogenbosch, one of the main city's of the Noord-Brabant region of the country.  Constructed in 1623, the fort was successfully beseiged by Dutch forces in 1629, during the latter part of the 80 Years War in which the Dutch won their independence from Imperial Spain.  

Canada's Fort Beauséjour

1:42 click to play video

Fort in the middle of nowhere! drone footage


Contributor JuliusComeau created this drone video of Fort Beauséjour, a fortress on the isthmus which connects the Canadian provinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.  It's a five sided star fort, built by the French, and eventually ceded to the British who renamed in Fort Cumberland.  It's situated on the Isthmus of Chignecto, which was an important strategic position during the struggles between Britain and France over the Canadian territories in the 18th century.

Bulgaria's Anevsko Fortress

2:23 click to play video

Anevsko Fortress in the Bulgarian Mountains

Danovski Air

Here is an excellent drone video of a well known Bulgarian mountain fortress, compliments of contributor Danovski Air. Anevo Fortress is situated in the foothills of the Balkan Mountains in Plovdiv Province, in the middle of the country.  It was built in the early 12th century, in an area that has been inhabited since the Antiquity.  At one time, it had eight defensive towers.  For a time in the Middle Ages, the fortress was strong enough to be the center of a small mini-state that ruled over the region.     

Bulgaria's Mesek Fortress

2:25 click to play video

Mezek Fortress


Top contrinbutor Mattcoq created this beautiful drone video of a well known medieval Bulgarian fortress.  It's called Mezek Castle, and it's located in the municipality of Svilengrad in the Haskovo Province in the south-central part of the country.  The castle, which dates to the 11th century AD, covers a large area of 6.5k square meters and has nine towers.  This stone-constructed landmark is considered to be amongst the best-preserved medieval fortresses in this mountainous Southeast European country.

Tilbury: Defending the Thames Estuary

2:00 click to play video

Tilbury Fort UK.


With the UK's capital city of London lying just a short distance from the mouth of the Thames River, protecting the mouth of the river from seaborne invasion has been a major strategic imperative for centuries.  In this drone video by obsizusz, you'll get a bird's eye view of one of the most important historical fortifications on the Thames Estuary: Tilbury Fort.  It was originally constructed during the reign of Henry VII and was subsequently enlarged based on prevailing threats.

Germany's Königstein Fortress

1:49 click to play video

Königstein Fortress by DJI Mavic Pro Drone


You may have heard of Königstein Fortress but you've probably never seen it from the perspective provided in this drone video by SKYDRONAUTS.  One of the largest fortresses in Europe, it sits atop a hill overlooking the Elbe River near Dresden, in Saxony.  Situated in an important river location near the border with historical Czech lands, the fortress dates to the 13th century and has been enlarged many times.  It's one of the largest tourist attractions in the former East Germany.  

Deal and Wilmer: Defending the Downs

2:42 click to play video

Deal Castle and Walmer Castle UK


The Downs is an area of coastline in Southeastern England which offers some protection to shipping - it's not quite a harbor but it has functioned like one at times.  For this reason, for centuries this area just north of Dover was deemed ot significant strategic importance.  This manifested itself most clearly in the two fortresses you will see in this drone video by oszibusz - Deal and Walmer Castles.  Both date to the reign of Henry VIII in the 16th century and were maintained as artillery forts through the 19th century.  

Zaraysk Kremlin: Defending Moscow's Approaches

3:01 click to play video



Contributor Maikl_rus created this drone video of an important historical site in Central Russia.  It's called the Zaraysk Kremlin, and it's a 16th century citadel (essentially a small fortress-city) near the town of the same name.  It's situated in the Moscow Oblast (province) but is some distance (aroound 160 km or 100 mi.) southeast of Russia's capital city.  The fortress played an important role in defending the heart of Russia from attacks by Crimeans Tartars, which occurred through the late 17th century.

Georgia's Rabat Fortress

8:45 click to play video

Rabat Fortress


Check out this stunning drone video of a well-known castle-fortress in the Caucasus rebublic of Georgia, compliments of contributor Maikl_rus.  Rabati Castle is located in the town of Akhaltsikhe in Samtskhe–Javakheti, one of the country's main southern regions.  The original fortress here dates to the 9th century AD, and in 1393 it withstood an attack from the much-feared warrior Tamerlane.  The fortress was basically completely rebuilt by the Ottomans in the 17th-18th centuries.  

Malta's Fort Angelo

7:19 click to play video

Fort Angelo Vittoriosa Malta


Lestilestudios created this drone video of Fort St. Angelo on the Mediterranean island of Malta.  It is situated in the middle of the Grand Harbor, in the city of Birgu (Città Vittoriosa).  Built by the Knights of St. John, the fortress was the focal point of the Great Siege of Malta in 1565.  Here, the fort's defenders held off an amphibious invasion by the Ottoman Empire, marking the end of the Ottoman bid for control of the Mediterranean.  It also was a filming location for the Red Keep seen in Season 1 of Game of Thrones.  

Vezena: Austrian WWI Fortress

0:59 click to play video

Touching the Void

daniele bolgia

The mountains of what is now the Italian province of Trentino saw heavy fighting in the First World War.  Under some of the toughest conditions imaginable, Italian and Austro-Hungarian armies rained machine gun and artillery fire on each other, killing and maiming hundreds of thousands.  In this drone video by daniel.bolga, you'll get a look at Fort Vezzena, an Austrian stronghold and observatory which Italian forces were never able to take frontally despite numerous attempts.    

Tantallon: Scottish Fortification

4:31 click to play video

Tantallon Castle & The Bass Rock

Albacross Imaging

Albacross Imaging created this amazing drone video of two of the more well known sights in East Lothian county of southeastern Scotland.  Tantallon Castle is a 14th century fortress in a semi-ruined state.  It overlooks the Firth of Forth, the great river estuary on which Edinburgh sits.  You'll also see the Bass Rock, which sits just off the coast from the castle.  The rock is home to a castle which became a notorious prison after the English Civil War and is referred to as the Alcatraz of Scotland.

Valdštejn: 13th Century Czech Fortification

1:03 click to play video

Valdštejn Castle


Check out this beautiful drone video of a medieval fortress in the Czech Republic, compliments of contributor MIAPVIDEOS.  It's called Valdštejn Castle, and it's a 13th century Gothic style ruined structure near the town of Turnov.  It's in the Liberec Region, which is the northernmost of the 14 Czech first-level administrative units.  The landmark is part of the Bohemian Paradise protected area northeast of Prague, which is also home to the somewhat better-known Trosky Castle.

Fort Gorazda, Montenegro

2:54 click to play video

Fort Gorazda, Tvrđava Goražda


Check out this amazing drone video of a modern-era fortress in Montenegro, compliments of contributor FoxCreative.  Fort Gorazda is situated near the town of Kotor, the principal city of Kotor Bay.  The fortress was built in the late 19th century by Austria-Hungary as a means to protect their naval base in the Bay of Kotor.  The fort saw some action during World War I as Austria-Hungary battled Allied-aligned forces, and was used by the Yugoslav Army until the country dissolved in the early 1990's.  

Râșnov Fortress, Transylvania

1:38 click to play video

Râșnov Fortress, Romania


Râșnov Citadel is a famous fortress in the southeastern part of the Romanian region of Transylvania.  It was built in the 13th century to protect the inhabitants of the namesake city from invaders coming over the Southern Carpathian Mountains through the Bran Pass.  The fortress withstood such invasions from the Tartars and later Ottoman forces, although it fell in 1612 when the invaders were able to cut off the defenders' water supply.  You can get a bird's eye view of the famous fortress in this drone video by Nelstill.  

Bulgaria's Matochina Fortress: Protecting Adrianople

1:57 click to play video

Matochina Fortress | Bulgaria


Check out this drone video of a well-known fortress in Bulgaria, compliments of contributor Mattcoq.  It's called Matochina Fortress, and it's located in a town of the same name in the Haskovo Province, in the southeastern part of the island.  It is believed to have been originally built during the Antiquity, although most of the current structure dates to the 12th-14th centuries.  The fortress was part of the defensive system around Adrianople (now Edirne), the third-most important city of the Ottoman Empire. 

Fortresses of Italy's Verona Province

1:21 click to play video

DJI Mavic Air - Castello di Montorio - Forte Preara - Verona


Contributor dronextravelxearth used a DJI Mavic Air drone to create this beautiful aerial video of two important fortifications in Italy's Verona province, part of its Veneto region.  The Castello di Montorio castle is a medieval castle located northeast of the city of Verona.  In the 19th century, the castle was armed with heavy artillery and became a defensive fortification for the provincial capital.  Nearby Forte Preara, which was built nearby in the 19th century, served a similar defensive purpose.  

Franc's Fort l'Écluse

2:55 click to play video

Fort l'Écluse - DJI Mavic Pro 4k


France's Fort l'Écluse is situated in the foothills of the Jura Mountains in the Ain Department, astride a natural route between France and Switzerland which was known since the time of Julius Caesar.  The current fortress dates to the 12th century and expanded in the 17th century; it was heavily damaged by Austrian in the waning days of the Napoleonic wars.  Seen here in this drone video by Najibk, the fort was one of the last French positions to surrender after the Fall of France in June, 1940.  

Carrigafoyle Castle, Ireland

1:53 click to play video

Castle ireland


Contributor JB-Ireland created this drone video of a historically important fortress in southern Ireland.  Carrigafoyle Castle is located near the town of Ballylongford in County Kerry.  In 1580, the fortress was a key position held by the Irish during the Second Desmond Rebellion, which sought to overthrow English rule of the island. On Easter of that year, English forces successfully beseiged the fortress and killied all of its defenders, crushing the rebellion which had been led by Gerald FitzGerald, 15th Earl of Desmond.

England's Dunstanburgh: Northumbrian Fortress

3:15 click to play video

Dunstanburgh Castle


Contributor newcastlemale created this beautiful drone video of a famous fortification in northern England called Dunstanburgh Castle.  It's located in a strategic spot on the coast of Northumberland, the northernmost of the English counties.  Dunstanburgh was constructed by a powerful nobleman in the 14th century but soon fell under Crown control.  The fortress played an important role in the 15th century dynastic struggle known as the War of the Roses, coming under seige on multiple occasions.   

Dinas Bran Fortress, Wales

3:25 click to play video

Castell Dinas Bran


Dinas Brân is one of the most famous fortifications in the northern part of Wales, United Kingdom.  It sits over the town of Llangollen in Denbighshire, believed to be the longest-settled part of the region.  Built on the site of an Iron Age hilltop fort, the current structure dates to the 13th century.  The castle was essentially abandoned and left in a semi-ruined state following the conquest of Wales by England later that century.   The castle features prominently in numerous stories of Welsh mythology.  

Croatia's Walls of Ston

1:46 click to play video

Croatia's Walls of Ston | Mavic Air

Nathan Jermy

Nathan Jermy used a DJI Mavic Air drone to aerially film the famed Walls of Ston, Croatia.  The walls were built in the 14th century to protect the town of Ston, one of the most important in the Republic of Ragussa whose capital was in nearby Dubrovnik.  In terms of footage, it's considered the longest fortification system in Europe.   The Walls of Ston were used as a backdrop for scenes around King's Landing in HBO's Game of Thrones, much of which was filmed on the Dalmatian Coast.  

Calshot: Defending Southampton Water

2:36 click to play video

Calshot Castle.. with a twist of fate


Check out this drone video of an important fortress on the coast of Southwestern England, compliments of contributor Mikee1554.  Calshot Castle is located on a sand bank at the opening of Southampton Water, an estuary just north of the Isle of Wight in Hampshire.  It's part of a system of fortifications built by King Henry VII during the 16th century to protect the English coasts from a possible French invasion.  Calshot was modernized several times and and continued to be used into the 20th century.

Miolan's Castle: French Alps

3:38 click to play video

Miolans's Castle - Château de Miolans

FreD ...///...

Check out this rather stunning drone video of a well-known fortification in the French Alps, compuments of FreD...///.  It's called Miolan's Castle, and it's located in the Savoy region near the Italian border.  Built in the 11th century or earlier, in the 16th century it was converted into a notorious prison.  Its most famous inmate was the Marquis de Sade, who was able to escape from the prison in 1792.  Once compared to the Bastille, it ceased holding prisoners in the 19th century.  

Pakistan's Rohtas Fort

5:43 click to play video

Vlog on Rohtas fort Pakistan drone footage


Check out this amazing vlog, which features aerial footage from one of the most formidable fortresses on the Indian Subcontinent.  It's called Rohtas Fort, and it's near the city in the province of Punjab (home to over half the country's population).  It was built in the mid-16th century and was captured shortly thereafter by the Mughul Empire, then captured by Sikh forces in 1825.  The fort could hold a garrison of 30,000 men and was one of the largest in Asia.   

Lisbon's Belem Tower

0:44 click to play video

Belem Tower


The Fort of St. Vincent (Belém Tower) lies in the Tagus River in Lisbon.  It was built in the early 16th century to fortify the Portuguese capital city's defenses against a seaborn invasion.  However, despite being later strengthened, the tower surrendered to Spanish forces after just a few hours of battle.  It was subsequently used for a prison.  After falling into a state of disrepair, the tower was fully renovated in the 1990's.  It is now listed as one of the Seven Wonders of Portugal.

Spain's Calatrava and Salvatierra Fortress

1:06 click to play video

Calatrava la Nueva and Salvatierre Fortresses


Contributor Eutx9795 used a DJI Mavic Pro drone to create this epic aerial video of two important fortresses in Central Spain.  Calatrava la Nueva is a medieval fortification built atop the Alacranejo mountain in the the municipality of Aldea del Rey.   It was associated with the Order of Calatrava, the first in what is now Spain to receive Papal approval.  Salvatierra Castle lies just to the east of Calatrava la Nueva.  Both castles are situated northwest of the Ciudad Real, the capital of the province of the same name.  The province is part of the Castile-La Mancha region.